Chloéis a French luxury fashion house founded in 1952 by Gaby Aghion. Aghion later joined forces with Jacques Lenoir in 1953, formally managing the business side of the brand, allowing Aghion to purely pursue the creative growth of Chloé. Its headquarters are located in Paris, France. The house is owned by luxury brands holding company Richemont Group. Chloé has been worn by many celebrities, including Marion Cotillard, Sienna Miller, Madonna, January Jones, Maggie Gyllenhaal, Cameron Diaz, Emma Stone, Clémence Poésy and Katie Holmes.
Gaby Aghion was born in 1921 in Alexandria, Egypt. After moving to Paris, France in 1945, she founded Chloé in 1952 with a vision of offering luxury prêt-à-porter (Ready-To-Wear), a new concept at that time. Gaby Aghion continued to run the house until 1985 when Chloé was bought by Dunhill (now part of Richemont).
Prior to Chloé’s launch, luxury fashion houses had only ever produced Haute Couture (i.e. made-to-measure) clothing. For the few who could afford it, this was fine; everyone else was left with poorly made copies, supplied by local seamstresses.
Aghion, rejecting the stiff formality of 1950s fashion (and sensing a gap in the market), decided to create a line of off the rack, high quality, soft, body conscious clothes from fine fabrics, which she called ‘luxury prêt-à-porter’ and thus, the Prêt-à-Porter (Ready-To-Wear) market we know today, was born.
The couturiers quickly followed suit (the first being Givenchy, with their 1956 Ready-to-Wear collection; ‘Givenchy University’) and today, designer ready-to-wear heavily outweighs couture.
Gaby Aghion died in Paris on 27 September 2014.